HISTORY ON ART'S SIDE: Social Dynamics in Artistic Efflorescences
"Vytautas Kavolis, joining the skills of the sociologist to the erudition of the art historian, offers a provocative attempt to link creativity in the visual arts to a variety of sociological and psychological conditions. In the tradition of Sorokin and Kroeber, he charts "efflorescences" of art - eras of high quality and large quantity - and tries to relate these flourishing to other events in a nation's life or in the psyches of a population. Essentially, Kavolis proposes a "phase-cycle" theory of creativity. Drawing on the model developed by Bales for small-group processes and adapted by Parsons to large social systems, he contends that a society moves through four phases as it confronts problems and deals with them through time: an initial disturbance of equilibrium; goal-oriented action directed to overcome the disturbance; a period of reintegration, pulling together old and new elements after the phase of intense action; finally, a terminal stage of tension reduction.rnrnUpon examining a sweep of historical evidence bearing on four "social" cycles and three "psycho-historical" cycles, Kavolis finds that moderate instability afforded by the first and third phases, disturbance of equilibrium and reintegration, provides the most stimulation for creativity..." - Review from Robert M. Wilson, UNC Chapel Hill (1974)rnrnAnd everything that disturbs the mind without causing it to lose its equilibrium is a moving means of expressing the innate pulsations of life.
Tidak ada salinan data
Tidak tersedia versi lain